The Synergy of Sumbawa Island’s Landscape-Based Industrialization Strategy

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KANOPPI’s research promotes landscape-based integrated natural resource and forest management in Sumbawa District. The recommendations supported community enterprises, through the development of community ecotourism, the trigona honey production center and capacity building of community and village institutions. The forest products promoted are forest honey, the cultivation of trigona honey and the development of handicrafts ketak weed produced by community groups.

CIFOR-KANOPPI scientist Ani Adiwinata interviewed the Governor of West Nusa Tenggara, Dr. H. Zulkieflimansyah, SE., M.Sc. to discuss natural resource management issues and potential forest products on the island from Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara.

Q: As recommended by KANOPPI, hOuch the direction of trine honey and ketak grass could provide optimal support for IWest Nusa Tenggara Provincial Government Industrialization Strategy in Sumbawa Island?

A: Industrialization must be done by anyone who has been mandated, as a leader, both at national and regional level.

Industrialization should not be interpreted as the intervention of large factories, but rather as an increased awareness and seriousness to increase the added value of our products.

So far, we have not been able to achieve prosperity, because we only sell raw products and then buy back as semi-finished products and even finished products at high prices.

It’s time to start the first leg of the long journey to make another. The industrialization strategy needs to be discussed, both to revitalize the processing industry and in the management of more traditional sectors, including forestry, agriculture and fisheries.

But industrialization is not such a simple process as we turn our palms, industrialization requires the presence of science, knowledge and technology.

Therefore, as you mentioned about trigona honey, ketak grass and others, product processing would be impossible without science, technology and knowledge.

In Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara, we have generally provided or accentuated human capacity upgrading, community capacity building.

We send the best students to learn the science related to trigona honey and how to increase added value in the forestry sector. We are also creating universities focused on adding value to forest products.

We should open fields (notes: in our local universities), such as biotechnology, agriculture-based transformation technology, etc. Hopefully, with people who could see the opportunities beyond the fact of the abundance of natural resources provided by God (Allah SWT), later forest products could be introduced as the primary products, such as honey from trigona, then the grass (ketak) mentioned above as well as other sectors.

Nowadays people haven’t maximized the potential of forests, people still think that forests shouldn’t be exploited, but in my opinion, with the right knowledge, forests can be exploited, they can be maximized and their durability can still be maintained.

Q: How to ensure that Interconnectivity between the district or city governments at ssupport to the sustainable development strategy, based on an integrated system between landscapes and seascapes In Sumbawa Island?

A: On Sumbawa Island, there are four districts and one municipality, which are Bima Town, Dompu District, Sumbawa District and West Sumbawa District.

It’s always interesting when we talk about sustainability, because on the island of Sumbawa, we also have mines. We have good mining products, and these have made a huge contribution to the national economy, even the economy of West Nusa Tenggara has been very dependent on this sector.

Therefore, coordinating the five regional leaders would not be an easy task. Sometimes it’s because of coordination and communication issues, there were a lot of substantive things that couldn’t be done.

I could see that Tambora Geopark could be key as a catalyst, so that all regional leaders can be involved in resolving important issues related to Tambora Geopark, so that other issues can also be discussed , such as forestry, agriculture, animal husbandry, marine , and many more.

In my opinion, the Geopark is like a situational building that becomes a catalyst for all of these issues, so that all of the regional leaders can sit down together to address much bigger issues.

I think if Tambora Geopark could work well, the coordination and synergy between all regional leaders could be maximized.

Kanoppi is a participatory action research activity to “develop and promote market-based agroforestry and integrated landscape management to encourage the development of small community forest enterprises in Indonesia”. Supported by the Australian Center for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) and involving the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) in collaboration with World Agroforestry (ICRAF) and related partners.

In West Nusa Tenggara province, the research focused on the Sumbawa regency, particularly in the villages of Batudulang and Pelat. This research is in collaboration with West Nusa Tenggara Provincial Environment and Forestry Office, Batulanteh Production Forest Management Unit (BKPHP), Development Planning Agency, Research and Regional Development (Bappeda) of Sumbawa Regency, WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) Indonesia, University of Mataram, and Non-Timber Forest Products Research, Development and Technology Agency (Litbang HHBK), Ministry of environment and forests.

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